Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari heads to South Africa on Wednesday for a visit after an outburst of xenophobic violence in Johannesburg.
Buhari and Cyril Ramaphosa will meet on Thursday to discuss reinforcing trade ties and political cooperation as both struggle to kickstart their stuttering economies.
But the recent Xenophobic violence in South Africa targeting foreigners – including Nigerians – threatens to dominate the talks.
The three-day state visit was the first by a Nigerian leader since 2013 which was planned before mobs descended on foreign-owned properties in and around Johannesburg in early September.
The violence – in which at least 12 people were killed – sparked fury in Nigeria. Some South African businesses in Nigeria were forced to close shop temporarily after revenge attacks targeting them.